Play international ports and maritime merchant fleet played a key role in facilitating the movement of goods and reduce the prices of transportation and in advancing economic development and the movement of the global logistics system . The ( 85-90 ) % of the volume of world trade is transported by sea through the world's merchant fleet .
Transport strategy :
And for the time being exposed to the field of maritime transport under great pressure to provide the requirements and needs of the global market trade must therefore be in the best interest and thinking about ways to shipping and delivering goods to markets required .
In some cases, the shipping is the only alternative available and when choosing a shipping method , the source or the shipper or exporter that takes into account the following:
1 - Delivery time: should be what can be faster to customer satisfaction .
2 - Cost: must be less than what can be compared to a good service.
3 - Cost of capitalism : the benefits include capital
4 - capital flows : it takes time and its connections during transportation .
5 - the cost of insurance and packaging : which should be suitable for all modes of transportation used .
The nature of Shipping:
Shipping is one of the key services in facilitating the process of international trade where he wants exporters and importers to receive their goods in time and place and for the right person
Shipping is also an element of trade logistics .
Also, the shipping service are either in accordance with the market or market lines regularly ships roving or similar markets .
Shipping market :
Shipping is described as a very versatile market as a result of the large and constant change , which is characterized by the charger it offers many options and on a competitive basis to the shipper selects what suits his needs
If the amount of the charger to enjoy with features offered by the options he has when that choice :
1 - know what type of service is available on all shipping line for each type of goods and the terms of the contract relating thereto .
2 - Control of international maritime transport market closely and know the price of freight for each different market .
It has suffered one of the ships that operate according to the shipping line irregular Sarnql ship less than the regular line , but it may take longer and shipping line to the shipper For this trade-off between these two issues
Navigational structure of the market :
In general, the market can be divided into two main parts of the navigation are specifically :
1 - Market liner
2 - Market ships phones ( chartered vessels ) .
First: Market liner :
The cost of high operating and fixed the most important service attributes liner . It is to preserve the pre- announced schedules may leave the ship port , regardless of whether they are filled or empty .
In addition, this market is characterized by the work of the ships on specific itineraries and regular ships and excellent quality and in good condition , useful small .
It is also characterized by the issuance of User shipping prices of each period (about every 3 months ) and tends to be high compared with other ships irregular .
As the goods transported on ships of this type are of high quality which makes the value of competition in this area is based on quality of service more than lower prices .
Actors on the agenda sail and refueling :
The movement of goods from developed countries to developing countries and weakness in the opposite direction .
Political obstacles .
Trade barriers imposed by some countries on the products of other countries .
Wars and conflicts and terrorist operations .
Weather prevailing in some places .
Newly imposed security laws .
Market ships phones :
This market can be divided into two secondary are:
Market tankers and oil tankers are intended g products and liquefied petroleum gas .
Market carriers, dry bulk goods .
And the price is determined in this market, according to the theory of supply and demand situation for each type of product to be moved .